When? 10am, 23 June 2022
Where? Register for this event on Zoom using this link – https://us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZIkd-6tqjsrGNEcofg8CZ9NIqYJLufsGGde
This panel is organised by the The One Ocean Hub, with the support of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Small-scale fishers, fishworkers and their communities around the world are in the spotlight of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (2022). The International Year is meant to gather momentum and showcase their contributions to global food security, nutrition, poverty alleviation, and overall fisheries sustainability, fostering the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication. At the same time, the International Year provides an opportunity to address the barriers and injustices faced by small-scale fishers and better identify the responsibilities of States and non-state actors to respect the human rights of small-scale fishers, with a view to acting together, in various fronts, to tackle persisting challenges and issues this sector face, identify opportunities for small-scale fisheries’ sustainable development, and for the full realization of their human rights.
This panel aims to explore the positive outcomes that collaborative and human rights-focused initiatives can bring to various small-scale fishing actors (from small-scale fishers, fishworkers, and their communities to governments and organizations working with them) simultaneously. On one hand, the recognition, protection and promotion of substantive human rights of small-scale fishers strengthen their capacity to fully realize their fundamental rights and effectively perform all social, economic and environmental aspects of fisheries sustainability. On the other hand, protecting the rights of small-scale artisanal fishers, fishworkers, and their communities to adequate standard of living, health, food, property, culture, social security, education, water and sanitation, healthy environment, decent work, as well as securing the rights of vulnerable groups such as Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, women, children and migrants in small-scale fisheries, contribute to achieving multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) to the benefit of all/other sectors of society, especially those addressing poverty (SDG1), hunger (SDG2), good health and wellbeing (SDG3), education (SDG4), gender equality (SDG5), clean water and sanitation (SDG6), decent work (SDG8), reduced inequalities (SDG10), and sustainable oceans (SDG14).
This panel presents the perspectives of researchers, and of international and regional organizations that have been working closely with human rights initiatives for small-scale fisheries. It will provide a discussion to further understand how existing initiatives have contributed to multiple benefits and SDG synergies outlined above.
Elisa Morgera, Director, One Ocean Hub – ‘Knowledge co-production with small-scale fishers as a way to protect their human rights in ocean-related decision-making’.
Prof Elisa Morgera is Professor of Global Environmental Law at University of Strathclyde Law School, UK and the director of the One Ocean Hub, a global inter-disciplinary research collaboration of institutions in the UK, Africa, South Pacific and the Caribbean, as well as UN agencies and other international partners. The One Ocean Hub is pioneering research on human rights and the marine environment with a view to better connecting marine and social sciences, and the arts, to support fair and inclusive decision-making for a healthy ocean whereby people and planet flourish.
Dr Kira Erwin
Dr Kira Erwin is a senior researcher in the Urban Futures Centre at the Durban University of Technology, in South Africa. She is a sociologists with a focus on social and environmental justice. Her past projects explore narratives of home and belonging within the context of migration and gender; as well as state delivered housing. She currently works on two environmental justice projects; one on zero-waste and informal work in the city, and the second on people’s spiritual, scientific and symbolic relationships with the oceans. She uses creative participatory methods and is fortunate to work in a collective of scholars, activist and artists. Her research explores how the arts broadly can act as a translation protocol between canons of knowledge in society towards more inclusive and just forms of governance.
Dr Bolanle Erinosho is a lawyer and lecturer with the Faculty of Law, University of Cape Coast, Ghana. She researches in the areas of environmental law, human rights and ocean’s governance. Her recent research explores human rights based approaches to securing the livelihoods of small scale fishers, customary law rights of small scale fishing communities, the rights of women fishers within the context of national and international legal frameworks for the oceans.
Dr Tapiwa Victor Warikandwa
Dr Tapiwa Victor Warikandwa holds a Doctor of Laws in International Trade Law. He is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Law at the University of Namibia. He specializes in International Trade Law, Labour Law, Indigenization Laws, Mining Law and Constitutional Law amongst other disciplines. Prior to coming to Namibia, Dr. Warikandwa worked as a legal officer and later legal advisor in the Ministry of Public Service Labour and Social Welfare in Zimbabwe. Key amongst his duties was legal drafting. He has published a number of books and articles. His most recent publication is a co-edited book to celebrate 30 years of Namibia’s Supreme Court which was launched in May 2022. Dr Warikandwa studied for his Bachelor of Laws, Master’s degree and Doctoral degree at the University of Fort Hare in South Africa. He currently is the Chief Editor of the Namibian Law Journal.
Ana Maria Suarez-Dussan
Ana Maria Suarez-Dussan, Human Rights Specialist, FAO – ‘Strengthening legislative responses to the protection of small-scale fishers’ human rights’
Ana María Suárez Dussan is a lawyer specializing in human rights and public international law. Since 2019, she has been working as a consultant to the Equitable Livelihoods Team of the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Division, where she deals with legal and human rights issues in the context of the implementation of the SSF Guidelines. She has led and co-developed several publications, an e-learning, and has participated in several international conferences on these topics. Ana is advancing various streams of work focused on the analysis of policies and legal frameworks for the small-scale fisheries sector around the world and on human rights issues in the context of IYAFA. Prior to joining FAO, Ana worked as a legal officer for the human rights law firm Leigh Day in London, dealing with various international group claims for human rights or environmental violations on behalf of communities against corporations.
Stefania Tripodi is a lawyer specializing in human rights at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva. She focuses on economic, social and cultural rights and in particular the right to food and the right to social protection, providing support to States, civil society and other UN agencies in translating human rights norms and principles in concrete policies at national and international levels. Previously, she worked at OHCHR Guatemala on women’s rights and gender equality, documenting cases of violence against women and at OHCHR Colombia on land and human rights, focusing on indigenous peoples and afro descendants, land grabbing and transitional justice. Before joining OHCHR, Stefania worked as a researcher for the former Special Rapporteur on the right to health, Paul Hunt, at the University of Essex and for the London based NGO Minority Rights Group and volunteered in Venezuela for the NGO Provea.
Ariella D’Andrea, Legal Adviser (Coastal Fisheries and Aquaculture), Pacific Community-SPC – ‘Implementing the rights of small-scale fishers through community-based fisheries management in Pacific Islands’
Ariella D’Andrea is a lawyer specialising in sustainable fisheries, aquaculture and water resources management, through an international and comparative lens. She has 20 years’ expertise in providing legal advice to governments and international organisations. Ariella has visited over 70 countries — including small island developing states — across all continents. Ariella has worked as Legal Officer and Consultant for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) for about a decade. Since 2002, she serves as Legal Adviser for coastal fisheries and aquaculture matters at the Pacific Community-SPC.
Tulika Bansal, Senior Adviser (Human Rights and Business) and Sille Stidsen, Senior Adviser (Human Rights and Development), The Danish Institute for Human Rights – ‘Challenges and lessons learnt in assessing the human rights impacts in small-scale fisheries case studies from Bangladesh and Chile’
Tulika Bansal works as a Senior Adviser in the Human Rights and Business Department of the Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR), Denmark’s National Human Rights Institution (NHRI). During her 10+ years at DIHR, she has provided expert advice on human rights to leading multinational companies in various sectors, to promote responsible business conduct in the private sector. She has led and carried out numerous human rights impact assessments in various sectors, including food and beverage, agriculture and fisheries, energy, extractives and the tourism sector, focusing on issues such as labour rights, community impacts and child rights. She led a large scale study to assess the human rights impacts of the Chilean salmon industry and is currently involved in a study on the human rights impacts of Miskito lobster divers in Honduras. Before joining DIHR, Tulika worked for the Dutch trade union confederation and for grassroots NGOs in Thailand and India, focusing on corporate accountability and revenue transparency. She holds an LLM in Public International Law from Leiden University, the Netherlands. She is a native Dutch and English speaker and fluent in Spanish and Hindi.
Sille Stidsen is currently the Department Director of Human Rights and Development at the Danish Institute for Human Rights, promoting human rights in the context of sustainable development processes. Sustainable Oceans, and promotion of human rights in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors, is a key priority in the Department’s thematic portfolio – other workstreams include human rights education (SDG 4.7), Indigenous Peoples rights, and promotion of an enabling space for human rights defenders. Sille has worked closely with partners in Bangladesh on a Sector Wide Impact Assessment of human rights issues in the small-scale fisheries sector since 2018, and has 20 years of policy and operational experience with human rights-based approaches to development from a multitude of sectors and in all regions.
TBC, panelist to give a talk on small-scale fishers in Tanzania
- Cast Out: the systematic exclusion of the Kwazulu Natal Subsistence Fishers from the Fishing Rights Regime in South Africa (Jackie Sunde and Kira Erwin, Policy Research Report and Policy Brief, 2020)
- Legislating for sustainable small-scale fisheries. A guide and considerations for implementing aspects of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security.
- A policy and legal diagnostic tool for sustainable small-scale fisheries
- Exploring the human rights-based approach in the context of the implementation and monitoring of the SSF Guidelines
- Pacific Framework for Action on Scaling up Community-based Fisheries Management: 2021–2025 (Pacific Community 2021. Pacific Framework for Action on Scaling up Community-based Fisheries Management: 2021-2025. Noumea, New Caledonia: Pacific Community. 22 p.)
- SPC Policy Brief #36: Gender and human rights in coastal fisheries and aquaculture law (Graham A., D’Andrea A. 2021. Gender and human rights in coastal fisheries and aquaculture law – SPC Policy Brief #36. Noumea, New Caledonia: Pacific Community. 4 p.)
- Sector-wide human rights impact assessment in small-scale artisanal fishing communities in Barguna and Cox’s Bazaar district of Bangladesh (BILS, COAST Trust and Manusher Jonno Foundation, 2021)
- Short documentary: Life on Edge: A Tale of small-scale Fisher Groups in Coastal Bangladesh
- The Salmon Industry and Human Rights in Chile(Sector-wide Impact Assessment, Executive Summary, 2021).
- Danish Institute for Human Rights: The Salmon Industry and Human Rights in Chile
- The human rights guide to fisheries – a tool that links international human rights instruments to fisheries instruments.